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Jeddah History

 

 

Jeddah History

The Region's Old History

  Jeddah, the smiling face of the Saudi Arabia Kingdom and the Port of Mecca, is one of the oldest cities in the Old History; it was known since about 2500 year, so it is an old city which the Old History mentioned that it was meadows for the nineteenth grandfather of the God's Prophet (Kada'aa), which was inhabited by Kada'aa People after the collapse of Maareb Dam in 1115 BC. And it was said that Thamoud People lived in Jeddah before Kada'aa for there was found a Thamoudian engraving in Bouweib Valley to the north eastern of Jeddah. And it goes back to before Alexander The Great who visited it between (323 and 356 BC) according to some telling.

 

The Region's History after Islam

  Islam was brought to Jeddah in the era of the God's Prophet; and during the beginning of the Islamic State, Successor Othman Bin Affan wanted to have access to the sea for its commerce so he chose Jeddah for this purpose in 26 HIJRI 646 AD.

  Jeddah continued under the influence of the continuous Islamic succession starting with the Ommiad State reaching Egypt Kings. And Jeddah fence were built by Sultan Kansouh El Ghouri in (915 HIJRI - 1509 AD), who was the last of the Seljuks Kings who ruled Jeddah in the tenth HIJRI century, and in that date the reign was shifted from Egypt Kings to Ottoman State and ended with the siege of King Abed El Aziz Al Suoud for Jeddah City where it was surrendered after signing the surrender agreement between King Abed El Aziz Al Suoud and Sheriff Ali Bin El Hussein in year 1344 HIJRI - 1925 AD. As the political stability took place under the reign of the Saudi Rule under the guidance of King Abed El Aziz Al Suoud (mercy be upon his soul),ah entered a new stage of development and prosperity.

 

The Modern History

  After uniting the Saudi Arabia Kingdom in (1351 HIJRI, 1932 AD), Jeddah entered a new chronological period which is related to the oil discovery and extracting in (1359 HIJRI, 1938 AD) in the Eastern Region of the Kingdom. And due to its strategic location, it was influenced with the new development means, where modern buildings and giant constructions were built, as well as projects of transportation, telecommunication, and health, and the infra structure and the public utilities started largely during the last decades; so Jeddah features changed from a small and simple city to a big city following the Renaissance and Development Age with the Kingdom's remaining cities.

 

 

 

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