|Area and Location
|Saudi Arabia is a monarchy headed
Bin Abdul Aziz,
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques and Head of State.
Assisting him in his duties
Sultan Bin Abdul Aziz is the Crown Prince, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Defense and
Aviation, and Inspector General.
and other ministers appointed
to Saudi Arabia Council of Ministers, which meets every Monday except during the two major
King Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz has taken historic steps to revise
the Kingdom’s political and administrative system. On March 1, 1992, he
introduced a new Basic Law for the System of Government which outlined the
government’s goals and responsibilities and redefined the relationship
between the King and his citizens. In addition, for the first time, the
rules of succession to become Head of State were put into writing and
formalized. New bylaws were also introduced for the Council of Ministers.
Ministers are appointed by the King and are
responsible for implementing governmental policies which relate to their
particular ministry. The Council of Ministers, headed by the King, is
responsible for drafting and overseeing implementation of the internal,
external, economic, financial, social, educational, defense, and other
general matters of the state.
In 1993, late King Fahd promulgated new bylaws for the Provincial
System to aid in the administration of the country’s provinces and to
facilitate their continued development. The Kingdom is divided into 14
provinces through which local affairs are administered. Each is headed by
an Emir (governor) who is appointed by the King. The governor is assisted
by a vice governor. He is also assisted by a provincial council, which is
composed of the heads of the province’s government departments and a
ten-member council of prominent individuals in the community who are
appointed to four-year, renewable terms.
In August 1993, King Fahd
restructured the Majlis Al-Shura (national consultative council) to make
it more efficient. The Majlis Al-Shura, which was initially composed of 60
prominent members of Saudi social, political, and religious life, was
expanded to 90 members in 1997. The Majlis Al-Shura advises the King and
the Council of Ministers on a regular basis on matters pertaining to
government programs and policies. The Shura Council’s primary function
is to assess, interpret, and modify the Kingdom’s system of laws,
by-laws, contracts, and international agreements.