Al-Baha City Profile
Al Baha is the headquarters of the Governor, local councils and branches of governmental departments. Receiving the state's special attention, the city of Al Baha abounds in educational, tourist and health institutions. The "Pearl of Resorts" is the name given to Al Baha by the fascinated visitors who become acquainted with the city.
Al-Baha region is rich in ancient mining sites. The sites of Khayal al Masna' and al-Aqiq were major gold mining areas; while the village of Kuna, where over one hundred building structures are located date back to South Arabian Civilization.
Geography & Location
Al Baha lies in the south-west of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia between the holy Makkah and
Aseer. It is the smallest of the Kingdom's provinces (11,000 square km). It is surrounded by a number of cites, including Taif on the north, Beesha on the east, Abha on the south and the Red Sea coast city of Al Qunfuda on the west. This tourist city is situated in an area characterized by natural tree cover and agricultural plateaus.
The Province is known for its beauty and has many tourist attractions such as the forests, wild life areas, valleys & mountains that attract the visitors from all the parts of the kingdom and the Gulf area. Some of these areas are the forests of Raghdan, Ghomsan, Fayk, and Aljabal, and many other historical and archeological sites. It contains more than 53 forests.
The Province is famous for its production of honey, in addition to its agricultural production of vegetables, grain, fruit, and dates.
The climate in Al Baha is greatly affected by its varying geographic features. Generally speaking, the climate in Al-Baha is mild with temperatures ranging between 12-23 degrees Celsius. Due to its location above sea level, Al Baha's climate is moderate in summer and cold in winter. Due to its location at 2500 meters above sea level, the area attracts visitors looking for a moderate climate and pristine, scenic views.
In the Tihama area of the province, which is down on the coast, the climate is hot in the summer and warm in the winter. Humidity ranges from 52% - 67%.
While in the mountainous region, which is known as As-Sarah, the weather is cooler in summer and winter. Rainfall is higher in the mountainous region with falls in the range of 229 - 581 mm. The average throughout the whole region is 100-250 mm annually.
The Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia was once ruled by the Turks for many years.
The tribes of Al Baha are Ghamid and Zahran. In the past the area has been known variously as Ghamid and the Zahran region. Tribes in the region trace their origin to the famous pre-Islamic state of Saba whose rule extended to areas presently known as Syria and Lebanon. Historians also report that they established the famous state of Akoum, in Abyssinia.
Al Baha – An Oasis for Holiday Makers
The Province of Al-Baha is witnessing an unparalleled interest from holiday makers and visitors coming from both inside and outside the Kingdom, to spend the summer in its touristic areas and to enjoy its God-given gifts of beautiful nature, pleasant climate and varied topography.
Tourist & Leisure
he Al-Baha province has provided all kinds of facilities for the joy and relaxation of holiday makers and guests. It has prepared tourist sites and is providing services and has mobilized human resources to provide more services for everyone. To attract visitors, the area has been provided with many hotels, motels and parks in addition to historical fortresses that speak volumes about the history of this part of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A number of complete tourism schemes have been implemented by the Committee for the Promotion of Tourism, including religious, cultural and social schemes and activities to allow people to spend the best time possible.
It is a tourism town lying in a green place full of steps planting, although it is in a dry region it has a moderate climate because of the moderate winter and mild summers. It has fresh air, beautiful valleys and big forests.
There are hundreds of historical castles to be visited in Al Baha.
The region boasts fine scenery, including mountains, valleys and forests. Combined with its equable climate, Al Baha has, in recent years, taken its place amongst the resorts in which Saudi citizens can holiday in summer, rather than going abroad.
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